One way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the employment of signposts.

One way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the employment of signposts.

Have a look at this short video for more information about personal pronouns and active and voice that is passive.

Academic writing is explicit in a number of ways. First and foremost, it means that there surely is a clear presentation of ideas when you look at the paper. The written text should have a well-organized structure and be easy for your reader to adhere to. One way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the use of signposts. Signposts are phrases and words which you can use in your text so that you can guide the reader along. Signposting can be split into two different categories: major signposting and linking words and phrases.

More about explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is used to signal key aspects of the task, for instance the purpose of an paper that is academic its structure. Some examples of major signposting:

The purpose of this scholarly study would be to …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
In closing …

Linking words and phrases create coherence and give the reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. Some situations of linking phrases and words:

Being explicit in your writing does mean that you will be not vague but rather very specific when you look at the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and just how in order to avoid them

If English is certainly not your language that is first you encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section deals with probably the most common pitfalls. It becomes easier to avoid them and thereby become a better writer if you learn what your problems are.

Words that are easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look virtually identical but have quite meanings that are different. As an example you might write “manger” instead of “manager”. Remember that this type or kind of mistake is certainly not discovered because of the spellchecking purpose of your word processor. In order to avoid these kinds of mistakes it is suggested that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It’s important to be aware that writing correct English just isn’t pretty much utilising the right words but additionally includes sentence structure and punctuation. The use of punctuation differs between languages; an illustration may be the upside-down question mark at the start of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But additionally there are smaller differences including the use of commas additionally the way quotation marks look.

Take a look at this short video for more information about punctuation:

You may use punctuation and with that, sentence length, to generate variation in your writing. If all your sentences are extremely short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The study has led to many results. One outcome is described here.

Those two sentences that are short be combined into:

The investigation has resulted in results that are many certainly one of which will be described here.

However, be careful so you usually do not create run-on sentences. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without the right punctuation or connecting word.

The study has led to many results one result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence and therefore it cannot stand on a unique. A complete sentence has a subject and a verb and is made from one thought.

They are types of sentence fragments:

So he went along to start to see the doctor. (Why did he go to start to see the doctor?)

Such as vegetables and fruits. (what exactly are fruit and veggies examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass all around the floor. (this is certainly a fragment while there is no main verb)

Sentence fragments could be fixed by incorporating them to the sentence that holds the primary clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a sentence that is full.

Peter had a throat that is sore he went to see the doctor.

Children should eat healthy food choices, such as for example vegetables and fruits.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered all over the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that doesn’t connect properly to your main sentence.

Having finished the experiments, the results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it really is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. Who has finished the experiments? The way the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to “the results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence has to be rephrased. A good way to do this can be to clearly state who conducted the experiments and analyzed the results:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the results.

Or, if you fail to like to include the personal pronoun “we”:

If the experiments were finished, the results were analyzed.